In this section, we want to explain the main questions of psychology that you have been asking us or that we understand may interest us. This section will grow with all your suggestions and questions, so you can take advantage of the comments on this page to ask us further questions.

Is It The Same Psychologist And Psychotherapist?

Psychology questions: A psychologist is a licensed professional in Psychology (University education and higher degree), who complements his / her training through courses or Masters. In order to be a psychotherapist, there is no recognized diploma, anyone could be a psychotherapist, acquiring training through non-regulated courses.

How Do I Choose A Psychologist?

Psychology questions: First of all, you must choose a professional person who offers guarantees regarding his/her training. You can request information from scientific associations – American Psychological Association (APA) or also asking your relatives and acquaintances.

It is important to learn about the type of professional such as a psychologist or psychotherapist which applies cognitive behavioral, psychoanalysis, humanistic therapy, gestalt therapy and etc.

When you contact a psychologist you have the right to collect specific information about his/her training, experience, guidance, methodology, fees, etc. and You can ask questions that facilitate your decision:

  1. Are you specialized in the type of problem I have?
  2. What experience do you have in this kind of problem?
  3. What types of treatments do you use?
  4. Has your effectiveness ever been proven to solve my problem?
  5. How do we work during the sessions? Etc.

Is It The Same Psychologist And Psychiatrist?

Psychological questions: The psychiatrist is a doctor, with the specialty of psychiatry and, unless he/she has acquired other specific training in Psychology, which is not taught in his/her career, he will treat psychological discomfort from the biological aspect, using drugs for the treatment of mental problems.

A psychologist is a professional who studies human emotions and behavior, with the aim of getting the person a proper personality, family and social balance.

The psychologist can specialize in different areas: human resource psychologist, social psychologist, Educational Psychologist, Clinical Psychologist, forensic psychologist, etc.

In the clinical field, the psychologist studies and treats thoughts, behaviors, and emotions through effective cognitive and behavioral techniques. It focuses on psychological aspects without excluding in its treatment the organic aspects (although it cannot prescribe drugs), to improve the physical and emotional health of people.

The psychologist and psychiatrist often work together to achieve the best and fastest solution to the patient’s problems.

How Long Does The Psychological Treatment?

Psychological Treatment

Psychology questions: Today, as a result of research and treatments are becoming increasingly effective. Some of the most common problems that were solved in more than a year, can now be solved in several months.

The number of sessions of psychological treatment is determined by the type of problem, motivation, the involvement of the patient, and rigor in the follow-up of the guidelines given by the professional.

In order to achieve good results, the preparation and knowledge of psychologists in the new techniques, the latest research, and their application to treatments are fundamental. On the part of the patient, their involvement in the process means that the objectives are achieved in a shorter time.

Does My Insurance Cover The Psychological Treatment Sessions?

Psychology questions: Private health insurance can compensate for the number of psychology sessions in private psychology centers. Also, many school insurance also provides coverage for a number of psychological treatment sessions.

Medical Insurance

Some medical insurances have a clause called reimbursement, which depending on the type and conditions of insurance, cover between 80% and 100% of the price of psychological treatment sessions.

In order to obtain this repayment;

  1. Have the reimbursement clause in your insurance.
  2. Ask a psychiatrist or insurance doctor for a report, which prescribes the psychological treatment.
  3. Present to the health insurance the invoices that you want to be reimbursed. These are invoices of the sessions to which you have gone, you have to request them from the Human Area secretariat, stating that they are for this purpose

We recommend that whatever policy they have, contact your insurance agent, and request information about this service.

School Insurance

To find out if your school insurance covers part of the cost of psychology sessions:

  1. You must inform yourself at your school center of how you have to do it.
  2. You have to request invoices at your secretariat so that they can be presented in your center.

What’s The Difference Between Being Sad And Having Depression?

Being Sad And Having Depression

Psychology questions: Sadness is an emotion, and like all emotions, they are present in us in a natural way as they have an adaptive function. It is normal to feel sad in the face of many everyday situations, such as arguing with a friend, losing a chance for promotion, losing a loved one or a separation. Sadness gives us time to adapt to this new situation. When the sadness is very intense, it lasts a long time and begins to affect our day to day, it would be advisable to go to a psychologist to evaluate if this emotion starts to become a disorder.

There are effective treatments to overcome a disorder such as depression. It is important not to delay a consultation with a specialist.

What Should I Take Into Account To Correctly Take Antidepressants?

Psychology questions: it is important to take into account at least the following tips:

  1. You should not change your medication schedule or stop taking antidepressants until your doctor tells you. The doses you should take, and the time you should take them, must be set specifically for your case.
  2. Do not increase your dose of medication on your own, thinking it will accelerate improvement.
  3. Antidepressants may cause you some discomfort during the first few days (dry mouth, nausea, feeling dizzy, drowsiness, constipation, etc.). These symptoms do not mean that the medication gets you to feel bad, nor does it lessen the beneficial effect it has. These side effects will disappear soon.
  4. The effect of the drug will be noticed after a few days, so we must be patient and not stop taking them hastily. Symptoms of improvement will appear after 10-15 days.
  5. While you are on treatment, you should not drink alcohol or other drugs. Mixing alcohol and/or drugs with medication often leads to undesirable effects.
  6. Do not suppress the treatment if for any reason you should add any other medication, and although it is compatible with antibiotics, aspirin, or other medications, you should always consult your doctor.
  7. When antidepressants are taken and we already feel well, remember to continue taking the medication for as long as the doctor considers appropriate (several months).
  8. You should not follow the pattern given to another person you know, even if it is the same active substance or even the same brand, the treatment can be specific to each person.

Can I Take Alcohol If I’m On Antidepressants or Anxiolytics?

Psychological questions: Psychopharmaceuticals are drugs that act on the central nervous system (CNS), exciting or inhibiting it. They are the pharmacological treatment of choice for emotional disorders. In this way, any drug (cannabis, alcohol, tobacco, etc.) can interact significantly with them, as it also acts on the CNS.

Before taking a psychopharmaceutical as well as any other medicinal product, it is always recommended to read the package leaflet about interactions, dosage, contraindications and some of the side effects.

Alcohol is a depressant of the activity of the SNC so if in addition, we are taking under optional prescription, some other depressant (for example an anxiolytic), the effect of it will be enhanced, increasing its effects and causing a high interference in daily activities (for example, increased tiredness, drowsiness, etc.). In general, there is an increase in sedative effects when alcohol is combined with these drugs.

You should always check with your doctor.

How Does An Antidepressant Work?

Antidepressant

Psychological questions: Depression and some emotional states are physiologically characterized by low levels of serotonin in our brain.

Old antidepressants often produced adverse effects, however, new antidepressants are generally very well tolerated and have a much more favorable side-effect profile. Among the most used are SSRIs (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors), tricyclics and duals.

Between neuron, there is a space in which, normally, many neurotransmitters (NT) are overturned. When one neuron wants to activate another, it dumps that NT into space and it sticks to the next one. Normally, part of that NT remains in space and the second neuron can be activated again with that “rest” of molecules.

So that this does not happen and the cost of each neuron is reduced, we have a “reuptake mechanism”. A protein collects (recaptures) that extra NT and stores it back in the initial neuron. This process causes the space to be cleaned and the second neuron not to get excited unnecessarily. The SSRIs prevent the remaining NT from being collected and thus there is always a surplus molecule (in this case serotonin) for the next neuron and so on.

Are There Any Antidepressants Specific To Each Problem?

Psychology questions: There is a broad pharmacological spectrum at the present time. Depending on the symptoms presented by each patient, the psychiatrist will choose the most appropriate psychopharmaceutical and adjust the doses specifically.

Antidepressants are used with good response in anxious and depressive cases, although the indications are broad and encompass other disorders such as obsessive-compulsive disorder or explosive disorder.

Are Drugs Effective In Treating Depression?

Psychology questions: Currently almost all depressions are cured effectively. The most effective treatment for this emotional disorder is the combination of psychopharmaceuticals and cognitive-behavioral therapy.

Drugs to treat depression are highly effective in reducing and/or eliminating major symptoms. However, the most effective treatment requires a combination of cognitive-behavioral techniques and antidepressant drugs. If in the context of depression, we do not modify our wrong way of thinking, as well as our behaviors, when we withdraw the drugs, we will not have eliminated the problem by which the main symptoms appeared.

When Should I Stop Taking Medication?

Psychological questions: The pharmacological treatment of emotional disorders is symptomatic and not the etiopathogenic. That is the medications given to decrease symptoms (nervousness, distress, sadness, etc.) but they do not cure the cause of the disorder. That is why the withdrawal of the drugs, which once balanced neurotransmission systems, must be done in a manner that is prescribed by the same specialist. Because if it is done voluntarily, and without expert judgment, the symptoms may reappear, or we may experience unnecessary discomfort.

What’s A Forensic Psychologist?

Psychological questions: The Forensic Psychologist is a professional psychologist with specialized training to equip the judicial process with principles, techniques and psychological instruments that allow the objective evaluation of human behavior. As an expert in legal proceedings, they collaborate with lawyers and judges, and their clinical and diagnostic training allows them to make an objective and professional judgment about the mental state of the persons involved, in some way, in a legal process.

Can A Clinical Psychologist Produce An Expert Report?

Psychology questions: A clinical psychologist has the training to intervene in the evaluation, analysis and diagnosis phases, but judicial processes require a specialist in forensic psychology, who is also an expert in the language used in legal proceedings, as well as in the presentation of arguments, evidence, and conclusions.

Do I Need A Forensic Psychologist In My Divorcement?

Psychological questions: In a process of separation and divorce, the psychologist advises on issues relating to the ability of parents to maintain custody, or on the most appropriate visitation regimes for the proper adaptation of children.

Forensic psychologists are involved in separation and divorce proceedings by preparing expert reports to analyze the family situation and to advise on the judicial process. The lawyer will be the most suitable person to assess whether an expert report is needed.

In their expert report, the forensic psychologist always takes care, as a top priority, of the child’s good and interest.

In Which Cases Is An Expert Report Requested?

Psychological questions: In all cases in which it needs to analyze the mental state of a person when this affects the valuation of certain facts in a judicial process.

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