We all know how important it is to sleep well, and yet many of us have often lost sleep. Sometimes premeditated and sometimes simply unintentionally. Sleep disorders are one of the most common problems, having a considerable increase in the population.
Forty percent of the English population suffers from one of these disorders, and 10 percent suffer from chronic illness. There are 100 types of sleep disorders registered by the World Health Organization (WHO). Among them is the insomnia (loss of ability to sleep), hypersomnia (sleep too long and deep), parasomnias (conduct disorder during sleep with brief episodes of awakening), sleepwalking (motor activities on automatic while you remain unconscious), sleep paralysis (temporary disability to perform any kind of voluntary movement during the transition period between dream state and wakefulness), etc
What Are Sleep Disorders?
Sleep disorders, as you can guess, are significant sleep problems. They can be alterations to fall asleep and stay asleep, problems to stay awake and irruptions of the dream, so that a normal rhythm of sleep is not allowed.
What Causes Sleep Disorders?
There is a close relationship between sleep disorders and quality of life, physical and psychiatric health. Some of these sleep disorders are caused by cardiovascular, hormonal, metabolic, neurological, and pain-causing diseases. In addition, there are those caused by psychiatric illnesses such as anxiety and depression. Pregnancy and menopause can also cause sleep problems, such as insomnia, a condition that, as we have discussed before, reduces the ability to sleep.
Among other causes that prevent adequate sleep are the abuse of medication, bad sleep habits, excessive work, and use of electronic devices before going to sleep. However, genetic predispositions always play a significant role.
There are medications that affect sleep, such as beta-blockers (used to treat hypertension and arrhythmias), by inhibiting the nocturnal secretion of the hormone melatonin in charge of sleep regulation and circadian rhythm, it produces nightmares and nocturnal awakenings.
Corticosteroids (to treat inflammation of the blood vessels and muscles, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus, allergic reactions,…) exhausts the adrenal glands, thus keeping the body awake and the mind stimulated, in addition to the SSRI antidepressants, alpha-blockers, and statins…
Bad Sleep Habits
Having good sleep hygiene is essential to lead a healthy and productive life, so you have to learn to have a good sleep habit. We must avoid sleeping too late and sleep long enough to recover the spented energies. The consequences of not having a good habit of sleep are fatigue in some cases triggering a state of worry at the time of wanting to sleep that makes it impossible for us to sleep.
Excessive Work And New Technologies
One of the causes that appears more and more frequently in our lives is overwork, which causes more stress, affecting the quality of sleep and causing more difficulty in reconciling it. Not only does excessive work deprive us of a quality dream, but the excessive use of new technologies (such as mobile phones, tablets, televisions, and computers) excite our nervous system during the day to day that can disrupt the internal clock and alter the hormones that help us fall asleep.